2D heterogeneous vanadium compound interfacial modulation enhanced synergistic catalytic hydrogen evolution for full pH range seawater splitting.

Author(s) Wang, Z.; Xu, W.; Yu, K.; Feng, Y.; Zhu, Z.
Journal Nanoscale
Date Published 2020 Mar 05
Abstract

A novel electrocatalytic material VS2@V2C was proposed for the first time and successfully prepared by a one-step hydrothermal method. T-VS2 nanosheets were uniformly and vertically embedded on the V2C (MXene) matrix with a fewer layer structure. Owing to the fast charge transfer process at the interface of the two-phase structure and good conductivity, the composite material showed a lower hydrogen evolution overpotential and a very low Tafel slope in highly alkaline and highly acidic electrolytes (164 mV and 47.6 mV dec-1 in 1.0 M KOH; 138 mV and 37.9 mV dec-1 in 0.5 M H2SO4) under a current density of 20 mV cm-2. More importantly, high-efficiency and stable electrolysis of seawater was achieved at a current density greater than 100 mA cm-2, and the catalytic performance was significantly better than that of platinum-based alloys. First-principles calculations mechanically confirmed that VS2@V2C had higher carrier mobility and lower free energy of hydrogen adsorption. The VS2 nanosheets that grew outwards could provide support to avoid agglomeration on the catalyst surface and the edge sulfur sites of VS2 could promote the binding of adsorbed hydrogen atoms and the desorption of hydrogen molecules. Our work is expected to provide a valuable reference for the design and synthesis of the structure of industrial catalysts for hydrogen production from seawater in the future.

DOI 10.1039/d0nr00207k
ISSN 2040-3372
Citation Wang Z, Xu W, Yu K, Feng Y, Zhu Z. 2D heterogeneous vanadium compound interfacial modulation enhanced synergistic catalytic hydrogen evolution for full pH range seawater splitting. Nanoscale. 2020.