A cobalt oxide nanocubes interleaved reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite modified glassy carbon electrode for amperometric detection of serotonin.

Author(s) Shahid, M.Mehmood; Rameshkumar, P.; Numan, A.; Shahabuddin, S.; Alizadeh, M.; Khiew, P.Sim; Chiu, W.Siong
Journal Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl
Date Published 2019 Jul
Abstract

Cobalt oxide nanocubes incorporated with reduced graphene oxide (rGO-CoO) was prepared by using simple one-step hydrothermal route. Crystallinity and structural characteristics of the nanocomposite were analyzed and confirmed using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman analysis, respectively. The cubical shape of the CoO nanostructures and the distribution of CoO nanocubes on the surface of rGO sheets were identified through field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) mapping analysis, respectively. Raman spectra depicted the presence of D and G bands for GO and rGO with different I/I values and thus confirmed the reduction of GO into rGO. The electrochemical study reflects that the rGO-CoO nanocomposite shows good electrocatalytic activity in oxidation of depression biomarker serotonin (5-HT) in phosphate buffer (pH 7.2). The detection of 5-HT was carried out by using rGO-CoO nanocomposite modified glassy carbon electrode under dynamic condition using amperometry technique with a linear range of 1-10 μM. The limit of detection and limit of quantification were calculated and found to be 1.128 and 3.760 μM, respectively with a sensitivity value of 0.133 μΑ·μM. The sensor showed selectivity in the presence of different interferent species such as ascorbic acid, dopamine and uric acid.

DOI 10.1016/j.msec.2019.02.107
ISSN 1873-0191
Citation Shahid MM, Rameshkumar P, Numan A, Shahabuddin S, Alizadeh M, Khiew PS, et al. A cobalt oxide nanocubes interleaved reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite modified glassy carbon electrode for amperometric detection of serotonin. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2019;100:388-395.

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