A Comparative 68Ga-Citrate and 68Ga-Chloride PET/CT Imaging of Osteomyelitis in the Rat Tibia.

Author(s) Lankinen, P.; Noponen, T.; Autio, A.; Luoto, P.; Frantzèn, J.; Löyttyniemi, E.; Hakanen, A.J.; Aro, H.T.; Roivainen, A.
Journal Contrast Media Mol Imaging
Date Published 2018

There may be some differences in the behavior of Ga-chloride and Ga-citrate leading to different accumulation profiles. This study compared Ga-citrate and Ga-chloride PET/CT imaging under standardized experimental models. Diffuse tibial osteomyelitis and uncomplicated bone healing rat models were used ( = 32). Two weeks after surgery, PET/CT imaging was performed on consecutive days using Ga-citrate or Ga-chloride, and tissue accumulation was confirmed by analysis. In addition, peripheral quantitative computed tomography and conventional radiography were performed. Osteomyelitis was verified by microbiological analysis and specimens were also processed for histomorphometry. In PET/CT imaging, the SUV of Ga-chloride and Ga-citrate in the osteomyelitic tibias (3.6 ± 1.4 and 4.7 ± 1.5, resp.) were significantly higher ( = 0.0019 and = 0.0020, resp.) than in the uncomplicated bone healing (2.7 ± 0.44 and 2.5 ± 0.49, resp.). In osteomyelitic tibias, the SUV of Ga-citrate was significantly higher than the uptake of Ga-chloride ( = 0.0017). In animals with uncomplicated bone healing, no difference in the SUV of Ga-chloride or Ga-citrate was seen in the operated tibias. This study further corroborates the use of Ga-citrate for PET imaging of osteomyelitis.

DOI 10.1155/2018/9892604
ISSN 1555-4317
Citation Contrast Media Mol Imaging. 2018;2018:9892604.

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