A Hybrid Nanomaterial Based on Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes Cross-Linked via Axially Substituted Silicon (IV) Phthalocyanine for Chemiresistive Sensors.

Author(s) Polyakov, M.; Ivanova, V.; Klyamer, D.; Köksoy, B.; Şenocak, A.; Demirbaş, E.; Durmuş, M.; Basova, T.
Journal Molecules
Date Published 2020 Apr 29
Abstract

In this work, the novel hybrid nanomaterial SWCNT/SiPc made of single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) cross-linked via axially substituted silicon (IV) phthalocyanine (SiPc) was studied as the active layer of chemiresistive layers for the detection of ammonia and hydrogen. SWCNT/SiPc is the first example of a carbon-based nanomaterial in which an axially substituted phthalocyanine derivative is used as a linker. The prepared hybrid material was characterized by spectroscopic methods, thermogravimetry, scanning and transmission electron microscopies. The layers of the prepared hybrid were tested as sensors toward ammonia and hydrogen by a chemiresistive method at different temperatures and relative humidity as well as in the presence of interfering gases like carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide and volatile organic vapors. The hybrid layers exhibited the completely reversible sensor response to both gases at room temperature; the recovery time was 100-200 s for NH and 50-120 s in the case of H depending on the gas concentrations. At the relative humidity (RH) of 20%, the sensor response was almost the same as that measured at RH 5%, whereas the further increase of RH led to its 2-3 fold decrease. It was demonstrated that the SWCNT/SiPc layers can be successfully used for the detection of both NH and H in the presence of CO. On the contrary, HS was found to be an interfering gas for the NH detection.

DOI 10.3390/molecules25092073
ISSN 1420-3049
Citation Molecules. 2020;25(9).

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