A novel voltammetric platform based on dysprosium oxide for the sensitive determination of sunset yellow in the presence of tartrazine.

Author(s) Baytak, A.Kutluay; Akbaş, E.; Aslanoglu, M.
Journal Anal Chim Acta
Date Published 2019 Dec 09

This study reports the preparation of a novel voltammetric platform based on the modification of a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) with carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and dysprosium oxide (DyO) nanoparticles. The electrode material was characterized by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray diffraction method (XRD). The novel platform (DyONPs/MWCNTs/GCE) was applied for the voltammetric determination of sunset yellow (SY) in the presence of tartrazine (TAR). SY was first adsorbed at the surface of DyONPs/MWCNTs/GCE by keeping it into a solution of SY for 200 s. Afterwards, the proposed platform was washed with ultrapure water and transferred with the adsorbed species in a voltammetric cell containing only 0.1 M phosphate buffer solution (PBS). Then, the novel platform (DyONPs/MWCNTs/GCE) exhibited excellent electrocatalytic activity and presented improved voltammetric responses when compared to other electrodes. The novel platform produced an improved anodic peak at 0.705 V and a corresponding cathodic peak at 0.690 V for SY and an irreversible anodic peak at 0.957 V for TAR. When compared to the electrode modified with only MWCNTs, a remarkable increase in current response and a electrocatalytic activity of the proposed platform were observed for SY and TAR at a GCE modified with both MWCNTs and DyONPs. A linear relationship was obtained between the current response and the concentration of SY over range of 1.0 × 10 M -  1.4 × 10 M with an LOD of 3.5 × 10 M using square wave voltammetry (SWV). The proposed procedure provided an accurate and a precise quantification to the analysis of food and pharmaceutical samples.

DOI 10.1016/j.aca.2019.08.055
Keywords Azo Compounds; Beverages; Dysprosium; Electrochemical Techniques; Electrodes; Food Additives; Limit of Detection; Metal Nanoparticles; Nanotubes, Carbon; Reproducibility of Results; Tartrazine
ISSN 1873-4324
Citation Anal Chim Acta. 2019;1087:93103.

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