Acetamidinium-Substituted Methylammonium Lead Iodide Perovskite Solar Cells with Higher Open-Circuit Voltage and Improved Intrinsic Stability.

Author(s) Singh, P.; Mukherjee, R.; Avasthi, S.
Journal ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
Date Published 2020 Mar 25

We report acetamidinium (AA)-substituted methylammonium (MA) lead iodide perovskite solar cells. AA has a restricted C-N bond rotation because of delocalized π-electron cloud over the N-C-N bond and the presence of an additional N-H···I bond (4H-bond in AA as compared to 3H-bond in MA). These bonding structures strengthen the electrostatic interaction and stabilize the AA cation inside the perovskite matrix. AA, a larger cation, is substitutional only up to 10%. Devices made with 10% AA-substituted films show an average of 1.12 V, higher than the average of 1.04 V in the case of MA lead halide perovskite (MAPbI). This increase in can be attributed to an increase in carrier lifetime from 20 μs in the case of MAPbI to 32 μs for 10% AA-substituted films respectively. Devices with 18.29% champion and 16.3% average efficiency were fabricated for films with 10% AA. Degradation experiments confirm that the material stability also makes devices more stable; under ambient exposure (72 ± 3% RH), devices with 10% AA retain 70% of their initial power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) up to 480 h. Under the same conditions, the PCEs of reference MAPbI devices reduced to 43% of their initial value in 480 h.

DOI 10.1021/acsami.0c00663
ISSN 1944-8252
Citation ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2020;12(12):1398213987.

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