Actively-monitored periodic-poling in thin-film lithium niobate photonic waveguides with ultrahigh nonlinear conversion efficiency of 4600 %Wcm.

Author(s) Rao, A.; Abdelsalam, K.; Sjaardema, T.; Honardoost, A.; Camacho-Gonzalez, G.F.; Fathpour, S.
Journal Opt Express
Date Published 2019 Sep 02
Abstract

Chip-scale implementations of second-order nonlinear optics benefit from increased optical confinement that can lead to nonlinear interaction strengths that are orders of magnitude higher than bulk free-space configurations. Here, we present thin-film-based ultraefficient periodically-poled lithium niobate nonlinear waveguides, leveraging actively-monitored ferroelectric domain reversal engineering and nanophotonic confinement. The devices exhibit up to 4600 %Wcm conversion efficiency for second-harmonic generation, pumped around 1540 nm. In addition, we measure broadband sum-frequency generation across multiple telecom bands, from 1460 to 1620 nm. As an immediate application of the devices, we use pulses of picojoule-level energy to demonstrate second-harmonic generation with over 10% conversion in a 0.6-mm-long waveguide. Our ultracompact and highly efficient devices address growing demands in integrated-photonic frequency conversion, frequency metrology, atomic physics, and quantum optics, while offering a coherent link between the telecom and visible bands.

DOI 10.1364/OE.27.025920
ISSN 1094-4087
Citation Rao A, Abdelsalam K, Sjaardema T, Honardoost A, Camacho-Gonzalez GF, Fathpour S. Actively-monitored periodic-poling in thin-film lithium niobate photonic waveguides with ultrahigh nonlinear conversion efficiency of 4600 %Wcm. Opt Express. 2019;27(18):25920-25930.

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