Advanced synthesis of highly crystallized hexagonal boron nitride by coupling polymer-derived ceramics and spark plasma sintering processes-influence of the crystallization promoter and sintering temperature.

Author(s) Li, Y.; Garnier, V.; Journet, C.; Barjon, J.; Loiseau, A.; Stenger, I.; Plaud, A.; Toury, B.; Steyer, P.
Journal Nanotechnology
Date Published 2019 Jan 18
Abstract

Hexagonal boron nitride nanosheets (BNNSs) are promising 2D materials due to their exceptional chemical and thermal stabilities together with their electrical insulation properties. A combined synthesis method involving the polymer-derived ceramics (PDCs) route and the spark plasma sintering (SPS) process is proposed, leading to well-crystallized and pure layered h-BN crystals, prone to be exfoliated into large BNNSs. Here we focus more specifically on the influence of two key parameters of the process to be optimized: the LiN concentration (0-10 wt%) and the SPS temperature (1200 °C-1950 °C). The presence of LiN, added as crystal promoter in the pre-ceramic powder, significantly improves the crystallinity level of the product, as evidenced by XRD, SEM and Raman spectrometry. SPS temperature strongly modifies the size of the resulting h-BN flakes. The influence of SPS temperature on both purity and crystallinity is studied using cathodoluminescence. h-BN flakes larger than 200 μm (average flake area) are obtained. Few-layered BNNSs are successfully isolated, through exfoliation process.

DOI 10.1088/1361-6528/aaebb4
ISSN 1361-6528
Citation Li Y, Garnier V, Journet C, Barjon J, Loiseau A, Stenger I, et al. Advanced synthesis of highly crystallized hexagonal boron nitride by coupling polymer-derived ceramics and spark plasma sintering processes-influence of the crystallization promoter and sintering temperature. Nanotechnology. 2019;30(3):035604.

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