Ammonium-tungstate-promoted growth of boron nitride nanotubes.

Author(s) E, S.; Li, C.; Li, T.; Geng, R.; Li, Q.; Lu, W.; Yao, Y.
Journal Nanotechnology
Date Published 2018 May 11

Ammonium tungstate ((NH)WO · xHO) is a kind of oxygen-containing ammonium salt. The following study proves that it can be successfully used as a metal oxide alternative to produce boron oxide (BO) by oxidizing boron (B) in a traditional boron oxide chemical vapor deposition (BOCVD) process. This special oxidant promotes the simplistic fabrication of boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) in a conventional horizontal tube furnace, an outcome which may have resulted from its strong oxidizability. The experimental results demonstrate that the mole ratio of B and (NH)WO · xHO is a key parameter in determining the formation, quality and quantity of BNNTs when stainless steel is employed as a catalyst. We also found that Mg(NO) and MgO nanoparticles (NPs) can be used as catalysts to grow BNNTs with the same precursor. The BNNTs obtained from the Mg(NO) catalyst were straighter than those obtained from the MgO NP catalyst. This could have been due to the different physical forms of the catalysts that were used.

DOI 10.1088/1361-6528/aab12b
ISSN 1361-6528
Citation E S, Li C, Li T, Geng R, Li Q, Lu W, et al. Ammonium-tungstate-promoted growth of boron nitride nanotubes. Nanotechnology. 2018;29(19):195604.

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