Author(s) Gao, Z.; Meng, Q.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, F.; Luo, Y.; Li, H.W.
Journal Dalton Trans
Date Published 2020 May 19

In order to satisfy the demand for the cyclic stability of commercial Ni-MH anodes, a PuNi3-type La0.6Gd0.2Mg0.2Ni2.6Co0.3Al0.1 alloy with excellent overall electrochemical properties was prepared by annealing the as-cast alloy sample at different temperatures for a week. The alloy had the highest PuNi3-type content of 86.9 wt% (1073 K), which offered a capacity retention of 69.6% after 100 cycles. However, 23.7 wt% PuNi3 type phase of the alloy constantly converted into the Ce2Ni7 type phase within a temperature increase of 50 °C, which improved the capacity retention by 12.1% under the same discharge capacity. We found that the addition of Gd did not change the stacked [LaMgNi4]/[LaNi5] superlattice and it maintained the structural stability of the crystal as well as its anti-corrosion, which is also a key factor to improve cyclic stability. These findings imply that alloys with both PuNi3-type and Ce2Ni7-type multiphase structures can be considered as a new choice for hydrogen storage.

DOI 10.1039/d0dt00774a
ISSN 1477-9234
Citation Dalton Trans. 2020;49(19):63126320.

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