Author(s) Dong, Q.Y.; Wang, Z.; Shi, L.D.; Lai, C.Y.; Zhao, H.P.
Journal Environ Sci Pollut Res Int
Date Published 2019 Sep

Chromate can be reduced by methanotrophs in a membrane biofilm reactor (MBfR). In this study, we cultivated a Cr(VI)-reducing biofilm in a methane (CH)-based membrane biofilm batch reactor (MBBR) under anaerobic conditions. The Cr(VI) reduction rate increased to 0.28 mg/L day when the chromate concentration was ≤ 2.2 mg/L but declined sharply to 0.01 mg/L day when the Cr(VI) concentration increased to 6 mg/L. Isotope tracing experiments showed that part of the C-labeled CH was transformed to CO, suggesting that the biofilm may reduce Cr(VI) by anaerobic methane oxidation (AnMO). Microbial community analysis showed that a methanogen, i.e., Methanobacterium, dominated in the biofilm, suggesting that this genus is probably capable of carrying out AnMO. The abundance of Methylomonas, an aerobic methanotroph, decreased significantly, while Meiothermus, a potential chromate-reducing bacterium, was enriched in the biofilm. Overall, the results showed that the anaerobic environment inhibited the activity of aerobic methanotrophs while promoting AnMO bacterial enrichment, and high Cr(VI) loading reduced Cr(VI) flux by inhibiting the methane oxidation process.

DOI 10.1007/s11356-019-05709-7
Keywords Anaerobiosis; Biofilms; Bioreactors; Carbon Dioxide; Chromates; Methane; Methanobacterium; Methylomonas; Microbial Consortia; Oxidation-Reduction; Waste Disposal, Fluid
ISSN 1614-7499
Citation Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019;26(25):2628626292.

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