Analytical bond-order potential for silver, palladium, ruthenium and iodine bulk diffusion in silicon carbide.

Author(s) Chen, N.; Peng, Q.; Jiao, Z.; van Rooyen, I.; Skerjanc, W.F.; Gao, F.
Journal J Phys Condens Matter
Date Published 2020 Feb 20
Abstract

The analytical bond-order potential has been developed for simulating fission product (Ag, Pd, Ru, and I) behavior in SiC, especially for their diffusion. We have proposed adding experimentally available elastic constants and physical properties of the elements as well as important defect formation energies calculated from density functional theory simulation to the list of typical properties as the extensive fitting database. The results from molecular dynamics simulations are in a reasonable agreement with defect properties and energy barriers of their experimental/computational counterparts. The successful validation of the new potential has established a good reliability and transferability of the potentials, which enables the ability of simulation in extended scale. The kinetic behavior such as diffusion of different interstitials is then realized by applying the new interatomic potentials. The bulk diffusion is less likely to dominate the transport of the four fission products under pure thermal condition, when we refer to their extremely small values of the effective diffusion coefficients. The interstitial mechanism is hard for Pd, Ru, and I to access due to the high formation energy and high migration energy. However, it is found that the migration energy of silver is relatively low, which indicates Ag diffusion via an interstitial mechanism being feasible, especially under irradiation condition, where massive interstitials can be formed in high-temperature nuclear reactors.

DOI 10.1088/1361-648X/ab5465
ISSN 1361-648X
Citation J Phys Condens Matter. 2020;32(8):085702.

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