Antitumor Activity of Alloy and Core-Shell-Type Bimetallic AgAu Nanoparticles.

Author(s) Shmarakov, I.; Mukha, I.; Vityuk, N.; Borschovetska, V.; Zhyshchynska, N.; Grodzyuk, G.; Eremenko, A.
Journal Nanoscale Res Lett
Date Published 2017 Dec

Nanoparticles (NPs) of noble metals, namely gold and silver, remain promising anticancer agents capable of enhancing current surgery- and chemotherapeutic-based approaches in cancer treatment. Bimetallic AgAu composition can be used as a more effective agent due to the synergetic effect. Among the physicochemical parameters affecting gold and silver nanoparticle biological activity, a primary concern relates to their size, shape, composition, charge, etc. However, the impact of metal components/composition as well as metal topological distribution within NPs is incompletely characterized and remains to be further elucidated and clarified. In the present work, we tested a series of colloidal solutions of AgAu NPs of alloy and core-shell type for an antitumor activity depending on metal molar ratios (Ag:Au = 1:1; 1:3; 3:1) and topological distribution of gold and silver within NPs (AucoreAgshell; AgcoreAushell). The efficacy at which an administration of the gold and silver NPs inhibits mouse Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) growth in vivo was compared. The data suggest that in vivo antitumor activity of the studied NPs strongly depends on gold and silver interaction arising from their ordered topological distribution. NPs with Ag core covered by Au shell were the most effective among the NPs tested towards LLC tumor growth and metastasizing inhibition. Our data show that among the NPs tested in this study, AgcoreAushell NPs may serve as a suitable anticancerous prototype.

DOI 10.1186/s11671-017-2112-y
ISSN 1931-7573
Citation Nanoscale Res Lett. 2017;12(1):333.

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