Arsenic adsorption by innovative iron/calcium in-situ-impregnated mesoporous activated carbons from low-temperature water and effects of the presence of humic acids.

Author(s) Gong, X.J.; Li, Y.S.; Dong, Y.Q.; Li, W.G.
Journal Chemosphere
Date Published 2020 Jul

Innovative iron/calcium in-situ-impregnated mesoporous activated carbons (GL100 and GL200) have been prepared by iron/calcium in-situ-impregnation and Multistage Depth-Activation. Arsenic adsorption kinetics, isotherms, thermodynamics, and re-usability were investigated. Effects of surface-absorbed (ST-HA) and dissolved states humic acid (DHA) on the arsenic adsorption were also determined. Results suggested in-situ iron/calcium impregnation caused the well-development of mesoporous structures during ranges of 2.0-5.0 nm in GL100 and 5.0-50 nm in GL200, respectively. The increase of iron/calcium ensured surface basicity and high ash contents on GL100/GL200, and As(III)/As(V) can be better adsorbed in neutral conditions with higher kinetics in comparison with regular mesoporous carbon XHIT. Maximum adsorption capacities of As(III)/As(V) by GL100 and GL200 were 2.985/3.385 mg/g and 2.516/2.807 mg/g, respectively. Arsenic desorption and carbon re-usability of GL100/200 was improved. As(III)(As (V)) adsorption capacities by GL100 and GL200 were 2.437(1.672) mg/g and 1.740(1.308) mg/g, respectively, after eight cycles. Arsenic adsorption capacities on GL100 were proved to be promoted with the presence of low-level of ST-HA or DHA, and be inhibited at a high-level. As(V) was bound more strongly than As(III) in the presence of ST-HA. As(III)/As(V) uptakes increased slightly and decrease gradually to 1.75/1.86 mg/g in the presence of DHA (0-10 mg DOC/L). Physisorption and chemisorption mechanisms dominant in arsenic adsorption on GL100 in presence of humic acid, forming inner-sphere complexation with metallic oxide, functional groups on carbon surface and humic acid structure, or ternary surface complexation via cationic metal ions as cation bridge.

DOI 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.126275
ISSN 1879-1298
Citation Chemosphere. 2020;250:126275.