Atomic Layer Deposition of Lithium Niobium Oxides as Potential Solid-State Electrolytes for Lithium-Ion Batteries.

Author(s) Wang, B.; Zhao, Y.; Banis, M.Norouzi; Sun, Q.; Adair, K.R.; Li, R.; Sham, T.K.; Sun, X.
Journal ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
Date Published 2018 Jan 05
Abstract

The development of solid-state electrolytes by atomic layer deposition (ALD) holds unparalleled advantages toward the fabrication of next-generation solid-state batteries. Lithium niobium oxide (LNO) thin films with well-controlled film thickness and composition were successfully deposited by ALD at a deposition temperature of 235 °C using lithium tert-butoxide and niobium ethoxide as Li and Nb sources, respectively. Furthermore, incorporation of higher Li content was achieved by increasing the Li-to-Nb subcycle ratio. In addition, detailed X-ray absorption near edge structure studies of the amorphous LNO thin films on the Nb L-edge revealed the existence of Nb as Nb5+ in a distorted octahedral structure. The octahedrons in niobium oxide thin films experienced severe distortions, which could be gradually alleviated upon the introduction of Li atoms into the thin films. The ionic conductivities of the as-prepared LNO thin films were also measured, with the highest value achieving 6.39 × 10-8 S cm-1 at 303 K with an activation energy of 0.62 eV.

DOI 10.1021/acsami.7b13467
ISSN 1944-8252
Citation Wang B, Zhao Y, Banis MN, Sun Q, Adair KR, Li R, et al. Atomic Layer Deposition of Lithium Niobium Oxides as Potential Solid-State Electrolytes for Lithium-Ion Batteries. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2018.

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