Atomic structure and domain wall pinning in samarium-cobalt-based permanent magnets.

Author(s) Duerrschnabel, M.; Yi, M.; Uestuener, K.; Liesegang, M.; Katter, M.; Kleebe, H.J.; Xu, B.; Gutfleisch, O.; Molina-Luna, L.
Journal Nat Commun
Date Published 2017 Jul 04

A higher saturation magnetization obtained by an increased iron content is essential for yielding larger energy products in rare-earth Sm2Co17-type pinning-controlled permanent magnets. These are of importance for high-temperature industrial applications due to their intrinsic corrosion resistance and temperature stability. Here we present model magnets with an increased iron content based on a unique nanostructure and -chemical modification route using Fe, Cu, and Zr as dopants. The iron content controls the formation of a diamond-shaped cellular structure that dominates the density and strength of the domain wall pinning sites and thus the coercivity. Using ultra-high-resolution experimental and theoretical methods, we revealed the atomic structure of the single phases present and established a direct correlation to the macroscopic magnetic properties. With further development, this knowledge can be applied to produce samarium cobalt permanent magnets with improved magnetic performance.Understanding the factors that determine the properties of permanent magnets, which play a central role in many industrial applications, can help in improving their performance. Here, the authors study how changes in the iron content affect the microstructure of samarium cobalt magnets.

DOI 10.1038/s41467-017-00059-9
ISSN 2041-1723
Citation Nat Commun. 2017;8(1):54.

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