Axially substituted silicon(IV) phthalocyanine and its quaternized derivative as photosensitizers towards tumor cells and bacterial pathogens.

Author(s) Ömeroğlu, İ.; Kaya, E.Nur; Göksel, M.; Kussovski, V.; Mantareva, V.; Durmuş, M.
Journal Bioorg Med Chem
Date Published 2017 Oct 15

Axially di-(alpha,alpha-diphenyl-4-pyridylmethoxy) silicon(IV) phthalocyanine (3) and its quaternized derivative (3Q) were synthesized and tested as photosensitizers against tumor and bacterial cells. These new phthalocyanines were characterized by elemental analysis, and different spectroscopic methods such as FT-IR, UV-Vis, MALDI-TOF and (1)H NMR. The photophysical properties such as absorption and fluorescence, and the photochemical properties such as singlet oxygen generation of both phthalocyanines were investigated in solutions. The obtained values were compared to the values obtained with unsubstituted silicon(IV) phthalocyanine dichloride (SiPcCl2). The addition of two di-(alpha,alpha-diphenyl-4-pyridylmethanol) groups as axial ligands showed an improvement of the photophysical and photochemical properties and an increasement of the singlet oxygen quantum yield (ΦΔ) from 0.15 to 0.33 was determined. The photodynamic efficacy of synthesized photosensitizers (3 and 3Q) were evaluated with promising photocytotoxicity (17% cell survival for 3 and 28% for 3Q) against the cervical cancer cell line (HeLa). The photodynamic inactivation of pathogenic bacterial strains Streptococcus mutans, Staphylococcus aureus, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa suggested a high susceptibility with quaternized derivative (3Q). The both Gram-positive bacterial strains were fully photoinactivated with 11μM 3Q and mild light dose In case of P. aeruginosa the effect was negligible for concentrations up to 22μM 3Q and light dose The results suggested that the novel axially substituted silicon(IV) phthalocyanines have promising characteristic as photosensitizer towards tumor cells. The quaternized derivative 3Q has high potential for photoinactivation of pathogenic bacterial species.

DOI 10.1016/j.bmc.2017.07.065
ISSN 1464-3391
Citation Bioorg Med Chem. 2017;25(20):54155422.

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