Benzoyl Halide as Alternative Precursor for Synthesis of Lead Free Double Perovskite Cs₃Bi₂Br Nanocrystals.

Author(s) Kumar, A.; Rawat, S.S.; Swami, S.Kumar; Singh, V.Nand; Srivastava, R.
Journal J Nanosci Nanotechnol
Date Published 2020 Jun 01

Ternary bismuth halides are interesting functional materials closely related to Pb halide perovskite photovoltaic material, and are widely sought after due to reduced toxicity of Bi compared to Pb. There are several reports on synthesis of Cs₃Bi₂Br nanocrystals (NCs) due to its being relatively stable compared to lead perovskite. Cs₃Bi₂Br nanocrystals have been synthesised using benzoyl bromide as an precursor using hot injection process at two different temperatures of 120 °C and 160 °C. Samples have been characterized for its structural, optical, microstructural and luminescent properties using X-ray diffraction, (XRD) UV-Vis spectroscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy and photoluminescent spectroscopy. XRD showed formation of Cs₃Bi₂Br phase with mono-crystalline structure. UV-Vis showed two types of band gap in the visible region which shows that the material can be used for photovoltaic applications. HRTEM confined the particles to be composed of nanocrystals with ˜5 nm particles in the samples grown at 120 °C and it the particles joined together yield various structures composed of nanoparticles. The time resolved photoluminescence shows average life times of 3.067 ns and 4.761 ns for samples grown at two different temperatures. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report where benzoyl halide has been used as alternative precursor for the synthesis of lead free double perovskite Cs₃Bi₂Br nanocrystals which have many applications.

DOI 10.1166/jnn.2020.17495
ISSN 1533-4899
Citation J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2020;20(6):38023808.

Related Applications, Forms & Industries