Bimetallic nickel-lutetium complexes: tuning the properties and catalytic hydrogenation activity of the Ni site by varying the Lu coordination environment.

Author(s) Ramirez, B.L.; Sharma, P.; Eisenhart, R.J.; Gagliardi, L.; Lu, C.C.
Journal Chem Sci
Date Published 2019 Mar 21
Abstract

We present three heterobimetallic complexes containing an isostructural nickel center and a lutetium ion in varying coordination environments. The bidentate and nonadentate ligands were used to prepare the Lu metalloligands, Lu(PrPCHNPh) () and Lu{(PrPCHNAr)tacn} (), respectively. Reaction of Ni(COD) (where COD is 1,5-cyclooctadiene) and afforded NiLu(PrPCHNPh) (), with a Lu coordination number (CN) of 4 and a Ni-Lu distance, (Ni-Lu), of 2.4644(2) Å. Complex can further bind THF to form , increasing both the Lu CN to 5 and (Ni-Lu) to 2.5989(4) Å. On the other hand, incorporation of Ni(0) into provides NiLu{(PrPCHNAr)tacn} (), in which the Lu coordination environment is more saturated (CN = 6), and the (Ni-Lu) is substantially elongated at 2.9771(5) Å. Cyclic voltammetry of the three Ni-Lu complexes shows an overall ∼410 mV shift in the Ni(0/I) redox couple, suggesting tunability of the Ni electronics across the series. Computational studies reveal polarized bonding interactions between the Ni 3d (major) and the Lu 5d (minor) orbitals, where the percentage of Lu character increases in the order: (6.0% Lu 5d ) < (8.5%) < (9.3%). All three Ni-Lu complexes bind H at low temperatures (-30 to -80 °C) and are competent catalysts for styrene hydrogenation. Complex outperforms with a four-fold faster rate. Additionally, adding increasing THF equivalents to , which would favor build-up of , decreases the rate. We propose that altering the coordination sphere of the Lu support can influence the resulting properties and catalytic activity of the active Ni(0) metal center.

DOI 10.1039/c8sc04712j
ISSN 2041-6520
Citation Ramirez BL, Sharma P, Eisenhart RJ, Gagliardi L, Lu CC. Bimetallic nickel-lutetium complexes: tuning the properties and catalytic hydrogenation activity of the Ni site by varying the Lu coordination environment. Chem Sci. 2019;10(11):3375-3384.

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