Binder-Free Hybrid Titanium-Niobium Oxide/Carbon Nanofiber Mats for Lithium-Ion Battery Electrodes.

Author(s) Tolosa, A.; Fleischmann, S.; Grobelsek, I.; Quade, A.; Lim, E.; Presser, V.
Journal ChemSusChem
Date Published 2018 Jan 10

Free-standing, binder-free, titanium-niobium oxide/carbon hybrid nanofibers are prepared for Li-ion battery applications. A one-pot synthesis offers a significant reduction of processing steps and avoids the use of environmentally unfriendly binder materials, making the approach highly sustainable. Tetragonal Nb2 O5 /C and monoclinic Ti2 Nb10 O29 /C hybrid nanofibers synthesized at 1000 °C displayed the highest electrochemical performance, with capacity values of 243 and 267 mAh g-1 , respectively, normalized to the electrode mass. At 5 A g-1 , the Nb2 O5 /C and Ti2 Nb10 O29 /C hybrid fibers maintained 78 % and 53 % of the initial capacity, respectively. The higher rate performance and stability of tetragonal Nb2 O5 compared to that of monoclinic Ti2 Nb10 O29 is related to the low energy barriers for Li+ transport in its crystal structure, with no phase transformation. The improved rate performance resulted from the excellent charge propagation in the continuous nanofiber network.

DOI 10.1002/cssc.201701927
ISSN 1864-564X
Citation ChemSusChem. 2018;11(1):159170.

Related Applications, Forms & Industries