Bismuth oxychloride (BiOCl)/copper phthalocyanine (CuTNPc) heterostructures immobilized on electrospun polyacrylonitrile nanofibers with enhanced activity for floating photocatalysis.

Author(s) Guo, X.; Zhou, X.; Li, X.; Shao, C.; Han, C.; Li, X.; Liu, Y.
Journal J Colloid Interface Sci
Date Published 2018 Sep 01

The 2,9,16,23-tetranitro phthalocyanine copper (II) nanostructures and bismuth oxychloride nanosheets were grown on electrospun polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibers in sequence by solvothermal method. As a result, the BiOCl/CuTNPc heterostructures were uniformly immobilized on the PAN nanofibers. The obtained BiOCl/CuTNPc/PAN nanofibers had excellent photocatalytic activity for the degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) under UV-vis light irradiation. The first-order rate constant of the BiOCl/CuTNPc/PAN nanofibers was 5.86 and 6.31 times as much as CuTNPc/PAN and BiOCl/PAN nanofibers, respectively. The high photocatalytic activity could be attributed to the formation of BiOCl/CuTNPc heterostructures, which helped the separation of the photogenerated electron-hole pairs. Concurrently, the marcoporous structure of the BiOCl/CuTNPc/PAN nanofibers improved the photocatalytic activity due to the increased interface contacts between the photocatalyst and the RhB solution. The BiOCl/CuTNPc/PAN nanofibers did not need to be separated for reuse due to their flexible self-supporting properties originating from the PAN nanofibers. Moreover, the film-like BiOCl/CuTNPc/PAN nanofibers could float easily on the liquid and maximize the absorption of sunlight during photocatalysis. It was expected that the BiOCl/CuTNPc/PAN nanofibers with high photocatalytic activity and easily separable property will possess great potential in the field of industrial applications and environmental remediation.

DOI 10.1016/j.jcis.2018.04.028
ISSN 1095-7103
Citation J Colloid Interface Sci. 2018;525:187195.

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