Cage-Confinement Pyrolysis Route to Ultrasmall Tungsten Carbide Nanoparticles for Efficient Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution.

Author(s) Xu, Y.T.; Xiao, X.; Ye, Z.M.; Zhao, S.; Shen, R.; He, C.T.; Zhang, J.P.; Li, Y.; Chen, X.M.
Journal J Am Chem Soc
Date Published 2017 Apr 10
Abstract

The size-controlled synthesis of ultrasmall metal-based catalysts is of vital importance for chemical conversion technologies. Here, a cage-confinement pyrolysis strategy is presented for the synthesis of ultrasmall tungsten carbide nanoclusters/nanoparticles. An RHO type zeolitic metal azolate framework MAF-6, possessing large nanocages and small apertures, is selected to confine the metal source W(CO)6. High temperature pyrolysis gives tungsten carbide nanoclusters/nanoparticles with sizes ca. 2 nm, which can serve as an excellent electrocatalyst for the hydrogen evolution reaction. In 0.5 M H2SO4, it exhibits very low overpotential of 51 mV at 10 mA cm(-2) and Tafel slope of 49 mV per decade, as well as the highest exchange current density of 2.4 mA cm(-2) among all tungsten/molybdenum-based catalysts. Moreover, it also shows excellent stability and antiaggregation behavior after long-term electrolytic process.

DOI 10.1021/jacs.7b00165
ISSN 1520-5126
Citation J Am Chem Soc. 2017.

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