Calcium chloride-enriched calcium aluminate cement promotes in vitro osteogenesis.

Author(s) Castro-Raucci, L.M.S.; Teixeira, L.N.; Barbosa, A.F.S.; Fernandes, R.R.; Raucci-Neto, W.; Jacobovitz, M.; Oliveira, I.R.; de Oliveira, P.T.
Journal Int Endod J
Date Published 2018 Jun
Abstract

AIM: To evaluate the effects of 2.8% or 10% calcium chloride (CaCl ) in calcium aluminate cement (CAC) with either bismuth oxide (Bi O ) or zinc oxide (ZnO) as radiopacifiers on the progression of osteogenic cell cultures.

METHODOLOGY: Rat calvaria-derived cells were grown on Thermanox coverslips for 24 h and exposed to samples of (i) CACb: with 2.8% CaCl and 25% Bi O ; (ii) CACb+: with 10% CaCl and 25% Bi O ; (iii) CACz: with 2.8% CaCl and 25% ZnO; or (iv) CACz+: with 10% CaCl and 25% ZnO, placed on inserts. Nonexposed cultures served as the control. Calcium and phosphorus contents in culture media were quantified. The effects of the cements on cell apoptosis, cell viability and acquisition of the osteogenic cell phenotype were evaluated. Data were compared by Kruskal-Wallis test (α = 5%).

RESULTS: CACb+ promoted the highest levels of calcium in the culture media; CACz+, the lowest levels of phosphorus (P < 0.05). CACz+ and CACb increased cell apoptosis (P < 0.05). CACb reduced cell viability (P < 0.05) and the expression of the osteoblastic phenotype. CACz+ and CACb+ promoted greater cell differentiation and matrix mineralization compared to CACz and CACb (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: For CAC with the lower CaCl content, the use of Bi O was detrimental for osteoblastic cell survival and differentiation compared to ZnO, while CAC with the higher CaCl content supported the acquisition of the osteogenic cell phenotype in vitro regardless of the radiopacifier used. Thus, CAC with 10% CaCl would potentially promote bone repair in the context of endodontic therapies.

DOI 10.1111/iej.12883
Keywords Aluminum Compounds; Animals; Apoptosis; Bismuth; Calcium Chloride; Calcium Compounds; Cell Survival; Cells, Cultured; Dental Cements; Osteogenesis; Phenotype; Rats; Rats, Wistar; Skull; Zinc Oxide
ISSN 1365-2591
Citation Castro-Raucci LM, Teixeira LN, Barbosa AF, Fernandes RR, Raucci-Neto W, Jacobovitz M, et al. Calcium chloride-enriched calcium aluminate cement promotes in vitro osteogenesis. Int Endod J. 2018;51(6):674-683.

Related Applications, Forms & Industries