Carbon Nanofiber Arrays Grown on Three-Dimensional Carbon Fiber Architecture Substrate and Enhanced Interface Performance of Carbon Fiber and Zirconium Carbide Coating.

Author(s) Yan, L.; Zhang, X.; Hu, P.; Zhao, G.; Dong, S.; Liu, D.; Sun, B.; Zhang, D.; Han, J.
Journal ACS Appl Mater Interfaces
Date Published 2017 May 24

Carbon nanofibers (CNFs) were grown around the carbon fiber architecture through a plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition method to enhance the interface performance between CF architecture substrate and ZrC preceramic matrix. The synthesized 3D CF hierarchical architectures (CNFs-CF) are coated with zirconium carbide (ZrC) ceramic to enhance their antioxidant property and high temperature resistance. The composition and the crystalline phase structure of the composite were detected with the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. The results of scanning electron microscopy show that, the as-prepared CNFs and consistent ZrC ceramic coating are uniformly covered on the surface of carbon fiber architecture substrate. The ZrC ceramic products with excellent crystallinity were got from the pyrolysis of preceramic polymer at 1600 °C in inert atmosphere. Comparing with the untreated CF, the loading of ZrC ceramics around the CNFs-CF architecture surface are significantly increased. The thermal stability and mechanical property of CNFs-CF/ZrC nanocomposites have been promoted obviously compared with the CF/ZrC ceramic nanocomposite. The prepared CNFs-CF/ZrC ceramic nanocomposite is one of the potential candidate materials for the thermal protection application.

DOI 10.1021/acsami.7b02503
ISSN 1944-8252
Citation ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2017;9(20):1733717346.

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