Cellulose ultrafine fibers embedded with titania particles as a high performance and eco-friendly separator for lithium-ion batteries.

Author(s) Boriboon, D.; Vongsetskul, T.; Limthongkul, P.; Kobsiriphat, W.; Tammawat, P.
Journal Carbohydr Polym
Date Published 2018 Jun 01

Mixtures of cellulose acetate (M.W. ∼3 × 10 g/mol) dissolved in 75% v/v acetic acid in water (17% w/w) and ground anatase titania particles with diameters of 197 ± 75 nm (0%, 5% and 10% w/w) were electrospun at 17 kV with a fiber collection distance and a feed rate of 10 cm and 0.6 mL/h. Then, the fiber was treated with 0.5 M potassium hydroxide in ethanol. Rough regenerated cellulose (RC)-titania separators with diameters of ∼310 nm and uniformly dispersed titania particles showed ∼78% porosities. They decomposed at 300 °C, higher than the decomposition temperature of polyethylene separators (220 °C). Added titania particles increased the electrolyte wettability and lithium transference number (from 0.22 to 0.62). RC - 10% titania separator retained the capacity with 79 mA h/g after 30 cycles and had excellent discharge capacity. These fascinating properties make RC-titania separator promising for lithium ion battery.

DOI 10.1016/j.carbpol.2018.01.077
ISSN 1879-1344
Citation Carbohydr Polym. 2018;189:145151.

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