Characterization and Photocatalytic Performance of Potassium-Doped Titanium Oxide Nanostructures Prepared via Wet Corrosion of Titanium Microspheres.

Author(s) Lee, S.Yoon; Zhang, J.; Jang, L.W.; Zhang, Z.; Guo, Y.; Salameh, S.; Kim, S.; Son, D.Ick; Rangasamy, V.Shankar; Thayumanasundaram, S.; Locquet, J.P.; Seo, J.Won
Journal J Nanosci Nanotechnol
Date Published 2019 Jan 01

Potassium doped titanium oxide (KTiO) nanowires were prepared by the wet corrosion process (WCP) and their photocatalytic effects were systematically characterized. For the synthesis of KTiO, the potassium hydroxide concentration of the WCP was varied in order to obtain nanostructures with different surface area and surface charge. Structural and crystalline properties of KTiO were studied by means of X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Chemical composition was determined by X-ray fluorescence and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. Photocatalytic performance was investigated as a function of the surface area, pH, and crystalline structures by studying the degradation of methylene blue, cardiogreen, and azorubine red dyes upon UV irradiation. The negatively charged crystalline KTiO nanostructures with high surface area showed significantly higher photocatalytic degradation compared to their TiO counterpart. They also showed high efficiency for recovery and re-use. Annealing KTiO nanostructures improved structural properties leading to well-ordered layered structures and improved photocatalysis. However, annealing at temperatures higher than 600 °C yielded formation of rutile grains at the surface of nanowires, significantly affecting the photocatalytic performance. We believe that KTiO nanostructures produced by WCP are very promising for photocatalysis, especially due to their high photocatalytic efficiency as well as their potential for re-use and durability.

DOI 10.1166/jnn.2019.15786
ISSN 1533-4880
Citation J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2019;19(1):366374.

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