Coated nickel titanium archwires and their uncoated counterparts: In-vitro contemporary comparison of unloading forces.

Author(s) Pinzan-Vercelino, C.Regina Mai; Gurgel, Jde Araújo; Bramante, F.Silva; Pessoa, T.Fonseca; Albertin, S.Américo; Fialho, M.Proença N.; Pinzan, A.
Journal Int Orthod
Date Published 2020 Jun

OBJECTIVE: To compare the unloading forces between aesthetic nickel titanium (NiTi) wires coated with rhodium and epoxy resin, as well as their uncoated equivalents. Additionally, intragroup comparisons between the different deactivation forces were evaluated, and the inner alloy cores were determined.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-four 0.018" NiTi wire segments were equally divided into 4 groups: E- NiTi coated with epoxy resin, C- NiTi uncoated, R- heat-activated NiTi coated with rhodium, and T- heat-activated NiTi uncoated. The unloading values were recorded at 0.5, 1, 2, and 3mm using a 3-point bending test, according to the method in ISO Standard 15.841. Cross-sectional scanning electron microscopy was used to assess the inner alloy core thickness of the wires.

RESULTS: The intergroup comparison was successively: at 0.5mm: E (1.21)>C (0.60)=R (0.63)=T (0.58); at 1mm: E (1.30)=C (1.23)>R (0.91)=T (0.80); at 2mm:C (1.93)>E (1.36)=R (1.20) and R (1.20)=T (1.00) and E (1.36)>T (1.00); at 3mm:C (2.44)>R (2.02)>E (1.62)=T (1.68). The intragroup comparisons showed for all groups that the forces were statistically higher at 3mm than the other deactivations (p<0.01). Group E presented a reduced inner alloy core (.0155).

CONCLUSION: The unloading forces demonstrated variability between the wires tested and between the different deactivations. Therefore, depending on the type of movement required and the periodontal conditions, orthodontists should pay attention during archwire selection.

DOI 10.1016/j.ortho.2020.01.007
ISSN 1879-680X
Citation Int Orthod. 2020;18(2):374379.