Combination of lutetium-177 labelled anti-L1CAM antibody chCE7 with the clinically relevant protein kinase inhibitor MK1775: a novel combination against human ovarian carcinoma.

Author(s) Lindenblatt, D.; Terraneo, N.; Pellegrini, G.; Cohrs, S.; Spycher, P.René; Vukovic, D.; Béhé, M.; Schibli, R.; Grünberg, J.
Journal BMC Cancer
Date Published 2018 Sep 25

BACKGROUND: Protein kinase inhibitors (PKIs) are currently tested in clinical studies (phase I-III) as an alternative strategy against (recurrent) ovarian cancer. Besides their anti-tumour efficacy, several PKIs have also shown radiosensitizing effects when combined with external beam radiation. Based on these results we asked if the addition of PKIs offers a therapeutic opportunity to improve radioimmunotherapy (RIT) against ovarian cancer. Five PKIs (alisertib, MK1775, MK2206, saracatinib, temsirolimus) were chosen for cytotoxicity screenings based on their current clinical trials in the treatment of ovarian cancer and their influence on cell cycle regulation and DNA damage repair pathways. We combined selected PKIs with Lu-labelled anti-L1CAM monoclonal antibody chCE7 for our investigations.

METHODS: PKIs cytotoxicity was determined via cell colony-forming assays. Biomarker of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs, γH2A.X) was analysed by western blot and fluorescence microscopy. Flow cytometric measurements were performed to evaluate levels of apoptosis based on mono- or combination treatments. The best combination was used for in vivo combination therapy studies in nude mice with SKOV3ip and IGROV1 human ovarian cancer xenografts. Bonferroni correction was used to determine statistical significance for multiple comparisons.

RESULTS: The highest cytotoxicity against both cell lines was observed for MK1775 and alisertib. Combinations including Lu-labelled mAb chCE7 and MK1775 decreased Lu-DOTA-chCE7 IC-values 14-fold, compared to 6-fold, when the radioimmunoconjugate was combined with alisertib. The most effective PKI MK1775 was further evaluated and demonstrated synergistic effects in combination with Lu-DOTA-chCE7 against IGROV1 cells. Significantly higher amounts of DSBs were detected in IGROV1 cells after combination (91%) compared to either treatment alone (MK1775: 52%; radioimmunoconjugate: 72%; p < 0.0125). Early-apoptosis was significantly enhanced in IGROV1 cells correlating with induced DSBs (Lu-DOTA-chCE7: 8%, MK1775: 28%, Lu-DOTA-chCE7 + MK1775: 40%, p < 0.0125). Immunohistochemistry analysis of γH2A.X expression levels after therapy in SKOV3ip xenografts revealed a high sensitivity of the tumour cells to MK1775 and a high radioresistance. A prominent effect of tumour growth inhibition of the RIT and of the combination therapy was observed in vivo in a late stage IGROV1 xenograft model.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results warrant further evaluation of combination of MK1775 and radioimmunotherapy.

DOI 10.1186/s12885-018-4836-1
ISSN 1471-2407
Citation BMC Cancer. 2018;18(1):922.

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