Combined effect of silver nanoparticles and aluminium chloride, butylparaben or diethylphthalate on the malignancy of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells and tumor-specific immune responses of human macrophages and monocyte-derived dendritic cells.

Author(s) Roszak, J.; Smok-Pieniążek, A.; Jeżak, K.; Domeradzka-Gajda, K.; Grobelny, J.; Tomaszewska, E.; Ranoszek-Soliwoda, K.; Celichowski, G.; Stępnik, M.
Journal Toxicol In Vitro
Date Published 2020 Jun
Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess whether silver nanoparticles (AgNP) or selected cosmetic ingredients may modify functions of various immunocompetent cell populations. To this end, the effect of two AgNP (size of 15 nm or 45 nm), alone and in combination with aluminium chloride, butyl paraben, di-n-butyl phthalate or diethyl phthalate was assessed on: (1) migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells; (2) M1/M2 polarization of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-differentiated THP-1 macrophages (M0) and (3) activation/maturation of monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DCs). The results of this study showed that neither any of the test chemicals alone nor the mixtures significantly changed the migration or invasion ability of MDA-MB-231 cells following, both 72-h and 21-day exposure. Analysis of the expression of marker genes for both M1 (IL-1B, CXCL9, TNF) and M2 (DCSIGN, MRC1) polarization revealed that the chemicals/mixtures did not activate M1/M2 differentiation of the M0 macrophages. In addition, no significant changes were observed in the expression of CD86, HLA-DR and CD54 surface markers and phagocytic activity of DCs following 48-h exposure to AgNP alone or in combination with test compounds. Our study suggests that AgNP alone or in combination with tested cosmetic ingredients do not alter function of immunocompetent cells studied.

DOI 10.1016/j.tiv.2020.104774
ISSN 1879-3177
Citation Toxicol In Vitro. 2020;65:104774.

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