Comparative evaluation of thermal decomposition behavior and thermal stability of powdered ammonium nitrate under different atmosphere conditions.

Author(s) Yang, M.; Chen, X.; Wang, Y.; Yuan, B.; Niu, Y.; Zhang, Y.; Liao, R.; Zhang, Z.
Journal J Hazard Mater
Date Published 2017 Sep 05
Abstract

In order to analyze the thermal decomposition characteristics of ammonium nitrate (AN), its thermal behavior and stability under different conditions are studied, including different atmospheres, heating rates and gas flow rates. The evolved decomposition gases of AN in air and nitrogen are analyzed with a quadrupole mass spectrometer. Thermal stability of AN at different heating rates and gas flow rates are studied by differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, paired comparison method and safety parameter evaluation. Experimental results show that the major evolved decomposition gases in air are H2O, NH3, N2O, NO, NO2 and HNO3, while in nitrogen, H2O, NH3, NO and HNO3 are major components. Compared with nitrogen atmosphere, lower initial and end temperatures, higher heat flux and broader reaction temperature range are obtained in air. Meanwhile, higher air gas flow rate tends to achieve lower reaction temperature and to reduce thermal stability of AN. Self-accelerating decomposition temperature of AN in air is much lower than that in nitrogen. It is considered that thermostability of AN is influenced by atmosphere, heating rate and gas flow rate, thus changes of boundary conditions will influence its thermostability, which is helpful to its safe production, storage, transportation and utilization.

DOI 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.04.063
ISSN 1873-3336
Citation J Hazard Mater. 2017;337:1019.

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