Comparison of Iodide-125 and Ruthenium-106 Brachytherapy in the Treatment of Choroidal Melanomas.

Author(s) Ghassemi, F.; Sheibani, S.; Arjmand, M.; Poorbaygi, H.; Kouhestani, E.; Sabour, S.; Samiei, F.; Beiki-Ardakani, A.; Jabarvand, M.; Tari, A.Sadeghi
Journal Clin Ophthalmol
Date Published 2020

Background: To compare iodine-125 (I) with ruthenium-106 (Ru) episcleral plaque radiation therapy in terms of the effectiveness and non-inferiority for choroidal melanoma treatment.

Objective: To report the non-inferiority of new made iodine-125 (I) compared with ruthenium-106 (Ru) episcleral plaque radiation.

Patients and Methods: A retrospective, non-randomized comparative case series. In this series the patients treated with I and Ru episcleral plaques for choroidal melanoma between September 2013 and August 2017 at Farabi Hospital are compared. Local control of choroidal melanomas after I and Ru plaques implantation and vision changes are the main outcome measures.

Results: A total of 35 patients were identified (I = 15, Ru = 20). No significant difference between two groups in visual acuity, diameter and thickness changes were observed after treatment. Multivariate linear regression (MLR) analysis showed that final diameter was only, independently and significantly, correlated with the pre-treatment diameter of the tumor (β = 0.59, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.29, 1.34, P = 0.003). The same MLR analysis for the final thickness and visual acuity, after adjusting for age and sex showed no significant difference between two groups. A single patient treated with Ru had local tumor recurrence with no one in the I group. No statistical difference in the rate of ocular complications was observed.

Conclusion: The treatment with our I plaques is as effective as Ru plaques in controlling choroidal melanoma tumor and preserving the vision during the two and half year of follow-up. The complication rates are alike. It means that the effectiveness of I is not only comparable to Ru but also superior when the outcome of the interest is the thickness of the tumors.

DOI 10.2147/OPTH.S235265
ISSN 1177-5467
Citation Clin Ophthalmol. 2020;14:339346.

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