Comparison of Stabilizer Effects on the Size, Dispersion, and Catalytic Property of Pt, PtCu, and PtRu Nanoparticles.

Author(s) Kugai, J.; Seino, S.; Nakagawa, T.; Yamamoto, T.A.; Tanaka, S.; Taguchi, N.
Journal J Nanosci Nanotechnol
Date Published 2018 Aug 01

Carbon-supported Pt, Pt-Cu, and Pt-Ru nanoparticles were prepared by an alcohol reduction method in the presence of carboxylates and phosphinate in order to investigate the role of these stabilizers in the nanoparticle formation process and the effect on catalytic properties in 2-propanol oxidation. For the Pt-Cu system, long chain carboxylate gave small dispersed particles even with high metal loading while phosphinate gave aggregated particles. For the Pt and Pt-Ru systems, fewer aggregates were observed and the particle size was independent of the chain length of carboxylate while much smaller and dispersed particles were obtained with phosphinate. Phosphinate mainly prevents metal crystal growth while carboxylates prevent both crystal growth and formation of aggregated particles. Although surface poisoning is severe on small dispersed particles in 2-propanol oxidation, dehydrogenation of 2-propanol at low potential is little affected. Phosphinate-protected catalysts were more tolerant to poisoning promoting 2-propanol electrooxidation at high potential range. The presence of Cu promoted 2-propanol electrooxidation at low potential range. These components made phosphinate-protected PtCu best perform in 2-propanol oxidation at 30 °C.

DOI 10.1166/jnn.2018.15437
ISSN 1533-4880
Citation J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2018;18(8):57385748.

Related Applications, Forms & Industries