Compatibility of Nitric Oxide Release with Implantable Enzymatic Glucose Sensors Based on Osmium (III/II) Mediated Electrochemistry.

Author(s) Cha, K.Ha; Meyerhoff, M.E.
Journal ACS Sens
Date Published 2017 Aug 23
Abstract

The compatibility of nitric oxide (NO) release coatings with implantable enzymatic glucose sensors based on osmium (III/II) mediated electrochemical detection is examined for the first time. NO-releasing osmium-mediated glucose sensors are prepared using a S-nitrosothiol impregnated outer tubing and are tested in vitro in both phosphate buffer (pH 7.4) and whole porcine blood. It is demonstrated that after 3 days of continuous NO release at or above physiological levels, there are no negative effects on the osmium mediated electrochemical currents. Indeed, such sensors maintain their functionality, sensitivity, and accuracy for detecting glucose levels in blood. The results suggest that improved performance of both intravascular and, potentially, subcutaneous Os(III/II) mediated glucose sensors may be realized by taking advantage of NO's well-known anticlotting, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial properties.

DOI 10.1021/acssensors.7b00430
ISSN 2379-3694
Citation ACS Sens. 2017.

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