Condition optimization for exfoliation of two dimensional titanium carbide (Ti3C2T x ).

Author(s) Rajavel, K.; Ke, T.; Yang, K.; Lin, D.
Journal Nanotechnology
Date Published 2018 Mar 02

The new class of 2D MXene material exfoliated from transition metal carbides receives increasing research interest due to its extraordinary properties and high potential in energy and environmental applications. However, the exfoliation of Ti3C2T x , a widely studied MXene, from its precursor Ti3AlC2 by chemical etching in HF solution remains to be optimized. This study investigated the optimum exfoliation condition through systematic evaluating potential effects of reaction parameters, including the weight ratio of Ti3AlC2 in HF solution, etching time, reaction temperature, repeating etching, and sonication, on the yield, purity, and structure of produced Ti3C2T x . Results show that a high weight percentage (5 wt%) of Ti3AlC2 etching at 50 °C for 36 h produced highly exfoliated MXene material. Etching at lower weight percentages (0.6-2.5 wt%) of Ti3AlC2 resulted in observable byproduct (AlF3). Degradation of MXene layers with AlF3 enrichment was observed under prolonged etching or higher temperatures. Room temperature etching failed to exfoliate Ti3AlC2 and the repeated etching denatured the MXene material. Introduction of controlled sonication during the etching produced highly exfoliated MXene with minimum etching time, which can be a promising alternative for high quality MXene production.

DOI 10.1088/1361-6528/aaa687
ISSN 1361-6528
Citation Rajavel K, Ke T, Yang K, Lin D. Condition optimization for exfoliation of two dimensional titanium carbide (Ti3C2T x ). Nanotechnology. 2018;29(9):095605.

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