Author(s) Sun, Z.; Zhang, J.; Yin, L.; Hu, G.; Fang, R.; Cheng, H.M.; Li, F.
Journal Nat Commun
Date Published 2017 Mar 03
Abstract

Although the rechargeable lithium-sulfur battery is an advanced energy storage system, its practical implementation has been impeded by many issues, in particular the shuttle effect causing rapid capacity fade and low Coulombic efficiency. Herein, we report a conductive porous vanadium nitride nanoribbon/graphene composite accommodating the catholyte as the cathode of a lithium-sulfur battery. The vanadium nitride/graphene composite provides strong anchoring for polysulfides and fast polysulfide conversion. The anchoring effect of vanadium nitride is confirmed by experimental and theoretical results. Owing to the high conductivity of vanadium nitride, the composite cathode exhibits lower polarization and faster redox reaction kinetics than a reduced graphene oxide cathode, showing good rate and cycling performances. The initial capacity reaches 1,471 mAh g(-1) and the capacity after 100 cycles is 1,252 mAh g(-1) at 0.2 C, a loss of only 15%, offering a potential for use in high energy lithium-sulfur batteries.

DOI 10.1038/ncomms14627
ISSN 2041-1723
Citation Nat Commun. 2017;8:14627.

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