Construction of catechol-grafted chitosan alginate/barium sulfate microcapsules for computed tomography real-time imaging and gastroretentive drug delivery.

Author(s) Du, F.; Wu, Y.; Du, F.; Zhang, L.; Feng, W.; Zhao, L.; Cai, R.; Xu, L.; Bian, G.; Li, J.; Zou, S.; Gong, A.; Zhang, M.
Journal Int J Nanomedicine
Date Published 2019

The gastroretentive drug delivery system is an effective administration route, which can improve the bioavailability of the drug and the therapeutic effect by prolonging the release time of the drug and controlling the release rate in the stomach. Inspired by the excellent adhesion properties of mussel protein, we prepared novel catechol-grafted chitosan alginate/barium sulfate microcapsules (Cat-CA/BS MCs) with mucoadhesive properties and computed tomography (CT) imaging function for gastric drug delivery. First, barium sulfate nanoclusters used as CT contrast agent were synthesized in situ in the Cat-CA/BS MCs through a one-step electronic spinning method. Next, catechol-grafted chitosan as the mucoadhesive moiety was coated on the surface of Cat-CA/BS MCs by polyelectrolyte molecule self-assembly. The prepared Cat-CA/BS MCs could effectively retained in the stomach for 48 hours and successively released ranitidine hydrochloride, which could be used for the treatment of gastric ulcer. Cat-CA/BS MCs exhibited superior CT contrast imaging properties for real-time tracking in vivo after oral administration. These findings demonstrate that Cat-CA/BS MCs serving as multifunctional oral drug carriers possess huge potential in gastroretentive drug delivery and non-invasive visualization.

DOI 10.2147/IJN.S204237
ISSN 1178-2013
Citation Int J Nanomedicine. 2019;14:60016018.

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