Cytotoxicity Enhancement of Paclitaxel by Loading on Stearate-g-dextran Micelles on Breast Cancer Cell Line MCF-7

Author(s) Ghaffari, F.; Bahmanzadeh, M.; Nili-Ahmadabadi, A.; Firozian, F.
Journal Asian Pac J Cancer Prev
Date Published 2018 Sep 26
Abstract

Objective: Paclitaxel (PTX) is a chemotherapeutic agent used for treating breast cancer. The study aimed to prepare PTX loaded dextran stearate (Dex-SA) and evaluate its efficacy against human breast cancer cell line MCF-7. Methods: Dex-SA/PTX micelles were prepared by dialysis method. The micelles size, zeta potential and particle size distribution were measured by dynamic laser light scattering method. Amount of loaded PTX on the polymer measured by HPLC. Release profiles of the drug from the micelles were obtained in buffer (phosphate pH=7.4). Then the cytotoxicity of blank micelles, Dex-SA/PTX micelles and free PTX were evaluated in the MCF-7 cells by MTT method. Result: Loading efficiency of PTX on the Dex-SA was measured about 84.24±9.07%. The smallest particles size was about 193.9±7.1 nm but the other formulation with larger particle size had better zeta potential (-33.5±6.74 mV). The drug release from the micelles was slowly and reached steady state after about 12 hours. The cytotoxicity experiment showed that Dex-SA/PTX micelles have more cytotoxicity compared to free PTX against MCF7 cell lines. Conclusions: Dex-SA polymeric micelle is a suitable carrier for hydrophobic cytotoxic drugs such as PTX.

DOI 10.22034/APJCP.2018.19.9.2651
Keywords Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic; Apoptosis; Breast Neoplasms; Cell Proliferation; Dextrans; Drug Liberation; Female; Humans; Micelles; Paclitaxel; Polymers; Stearates; Tumor Cells, Cultured
ISSN 2476-762X
Citation Ghaffari F, Bahmanzadeh M, Nili-Ahmadabadi A, Firozian F. Cytotoxicity Enhancement of Paclitaxel by Loading on Stearate-g-dextran Micelles on Breast Cancer Cell Line MCF-7. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2018;19(9):2651-2655.

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