Author(s) Wang, P.; Qiao, P.; Xing, H.; Zhang, R.; Lingling, E.; Liu, H.
Journal J Nanosci Nanotechnol
Date Published 2020 Mar 01

As a bone implant material, porous tantalum (Ta) has better corrosion resistance and more suitable elastic modulus than titanium. Surface nanomodification can accelerate the integration of Ta implants with bone tissue, which has broad application prospects in the field of dental implantology. Due to mechanical stress and load wear, nanoscale Ta fragments are inevitably exfoliated from the implant surface and brought into direct contact with osteoblasts surrounding the implant. These wear fragments may affect the biological characteristics of osteoblasts and thus the stability of implants. To date, the interaction of nanoscale Ta fragments with osteoblasts has not been clearly investigated. In the current study, we used the mouse osteoblast cell line MC3T3-E1 to explore the effects of Ta nanoparticles (Ta-NPs) on the cytotoxicity, oxidative stress and autophagy of osteoblasts. We found that a low concentration (12.5 g/mL) of Ta-NPs can promote the proliferation of osteoblasts, while the Ta-NPs began to induce a decrease in cell viability at concentrations ≥25 g/mL. Increased cell mortality, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and decreased mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) occurred in a dose-dependent manner after Ta-NP treatment. Moreover, with Ta-NP stimulation, the ratio of LC3-II/LC3-I increased, and the level of p62 protein was reduced. However, the degradation of p62 was not continuously increased when the concentration of Ta-NPs was ≥25 g/mL. These results indicate that Ta-NPs induced osteoblast damage via oxidative stress. Autophagy activation may be a key factor in the cellular response to Ta-NP toxicity and could have an important impact on determining the survival or death of osteoblasts.

DOI 10.1166/jnn.2020.17158
ISSN 1533-4899
Citation J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2020;20(3):14171424.

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