Degradable rhenium trioxide nanocubes with high localized surface plasmon resonance absorbance like gold for photothermal theranostics.

Author(s) Zhang, W.; Deng, G.; Li, B.; Zhao, X.; Ji, T.; Song, G.; Xiao, Z.; Cao, Q.; Xiao, J.; Huang, X.; Guan, G.; Zou, R.; Lu, X.; Hu, J.
Journal Biomaterials
Date Published 2018 Mar

The applications of inorganic theranostic agents in clinical trials are generally limited to their innate non-biodegradability and potential long-term biotoxicity. To address this problem, herein via a straightforward and tailored space-confined on-substrate route, we obtained rhenium trioxide (ReO) nanocubes (NCs) that display a good biocompatibility and biosafety. Importantly, their aqueous dispersion has high localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) absorbance in near-infrared (NIR) region different from previous report, which possibly associates with the charge transfer and structural distortion in hydrogen rhenium bronze (HReO), as well as ReO's cubic shape. Such a high LSPR absorbance in the NIR region endows them with photoacoustic (PA)/infrared (IR) thermal imaging, and high photothermal conversion efficiency (∼57.0%) for efficient ablation of cancer cells. Also, ReO NCs show X-ray computed tomography (CT) imaging derived from the high-Z element Re. More attractively, those ReO NCs, with pH-dependent oxidized degradation behaviors, are revealed to be relatively stable in hypoxic and weakly acidic microenvironment of tumor for imaging and treatment whilst degradable in normal physiological environments of organs to enable effective clearance. In spite of their degradability, ReO NCs still possess tumor targeting capabilities. We thus develop a simple but powerful, safe and biodegradable inorganic theranostic platform to achieve PA/CT/IR imaging-guided cancer photothermal therapy (PTT) for improved therapeutic efficacy and decreased toxic side effects.

DOI 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2017.12.021
ISSN 1878-5905
Citation Biomaterials. 2018;159:6881.

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