Degradation of bromate by Fe(II)Ti(IV) layered double hydroxides nanoparticles under ultraviolet light.

Author(s) Xiao, Q.; Yu, S.; Li, L.; Zhang, Y.; Yi, P.
Journal Water Res
Date Published 2018 Nov 27
Abstract

The photocatalytic decomposition of bromate (BrO), a possible human carcinogen, has attracted much attention because of its high efficiency and easier combination with ultraviolet (UV) disinfection in water treatment plants. In this study, the Fe(II)Ti(IV) layered double hydroxides (LDHs) have been made through a facile hydrothermal method and used as an alternative photocatalyst for reduction of BrO. LDHs prepared at a Fe/Ti molar ratio of ∼0.5 and pH 7.0, denoted as FeTi-0.5 (pH 7.0), exhibited the highest BrO removal efficiency (removal rate constant = 0.067 ± 0.002 min) compared to commercial TiO and the LDHs prepared at different pHs or different Fe/Ti ratios. The presence of alcohols in water enhanced the photocatalytic reduction of BrO due to the greater abundance of electrons caused by alcohols effectively reacting with holes. The neutral pH also favors the degradation of BrO. However, the presence of nitrate and nitrite can inhibit the degradation process, due to their reactions with hydrated electrons (e) and hydrogen atom radicals (H∙). Cyclic degradation runs and magnetic separation techniques demonstrated the superior reusability of the FeTi-0.5 (pH 7.0) LDH for BrO removal. The removal rate of BrO under UV was higher than that without UV, indicating that the decomposition proceeded primarily via a photo-reductive mechanism induced by e and H∙ and thus degradation pathways are proposed. Moreover, when tested in tap water, greater than 90% of BrO was removed after 60 min reaction in UV/FeTi-0.5 (pH 7.0) LDH systems in the presence of 5‰ (v/v) methanol. This demonstrates the high potential for such systems for removing BrO from disinfected drinking water. This work may shed lights on the design of effective photocatalysts for the enhanced degradation of BrO in water plants and the influence of constituents in raw water on the treatment.

DOI 10.1016/j.watres.2018.11.067
ISSN 1879-2448
Citation Xiao Q, Yu S, Li L, Zhang Y, Yi P. Degradation of bromate by Fe(II)Ti(IV) layered double hydroxides nanoparticles under ultraviolet light. Water Res. 2018;150:310-320.

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