Detection of urinary spermine by using silver-gold/silver chloride nanozymes.

Author(s) Kuo, P.C.; Lien, C.W.; Mao, J.Y.; Unnikrishnan, B.; Chang, H.T.; Lin, H.J.; Huang, C.C.
Journal Anal Chim Acta
Date Published 2018 Jun 07

In this paper, we report a simple one-step synthesis method for silver-gold bimetallic nanoparticles deposition on silver chloride nanosheets to form Ag-Au/AgCl nanohybrid with oxidase-like and peroxidase-like catalytic activity. We used these nanohybrid in the detection of spermine. First, 13 nm-sized Au NPs were synthesized by citrate reduction of HAuCl4 solution, and then, Ag+ ions were added to the solution without any purification. The added Ag+ reacted with the Cl- ions in the dispersion, thus immediately forming AgCl nanosheets through a precipitation reaction, and the aurophilic interactions with the Au NPs resulted in the formation and in situ self-deposition of Ag-Au NPs on the AgCl nanosheets at room temperature. We investigated the enzyme-mimicking activity of the Ag-Au/AgCl nanohybrid in detail via the O2- or H2O2-Amplex Red (AR) redox system. The Ag-Au/AgCl nanohybrid exhibited at least 150-fold higher catalytic activity than that of Ag-Au NPs or AgCl nanosheets, due to synergistic effect. Spermine inhibited the enzyme-mimic activity of the Ag-Au/AgCl nanohybrid, thereby allowing for the construction of a probe for detecting nanomolar concentrations of spermine in urine samples. This cost-effective sensing system was used to easily and rapidly detect the concentrations of spermine in complex urine samples.

DOI 10.1016/j.aca.2018.01.018
ISSN 1873-4324
Citation Anal Chim Acta. 2018;1009:8997.

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