Development of the diffusive gradients in thin films technique (DGT) for platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), and rhodium (Rh) in natural waters.

Author(s) Abdulbur-Alfakhoury, E.; Van Zutphen, S.; Leermakers, M.
Journal Talanta
Date Published 2019 Oct 01
Abstract

The Diffusive Gradients in Thin Films (DGT) technique was developed for the first time for the platinum group elements (PGEs) platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), and rhodium (Rh). Different chelating resins, specific designed for the accumulation of PGEs, namely Purolite S914, S920, S985, Italmatch Chemicals IONQUEST MPX-317 and MP-102, were compared. The method development involved several different steps: 1) selection of an appropriate diffusive gel, 2) comparison of resins for the PGEs in terms of kinetics of uptake, 3) development of an efficient elution method for the PGEs from the resin gel, 4) Determination of diffusion coefficients for the PGEs in the diffusive gel, 5) Investigation of the influence of pH, ionic strength and dissolved organic matter on the diffusion coefficients and 6) study the selectivity of the tested resins gels in terms of potential interferences on the determination by ICPMS. Pt, Pd and Rh showed a linear accumulation over time for all resins and diffusion coefficients were independent of pH. The diffusion coefficient for Pt increased with increasing ionic strength (>0.5 M NaCl), but not for Pd and Rh. The interference study showed that Sr was the most important interferent for Rh and Pd and must be removed prior to analysis. The resins Purolite S914, Purolite S920, and Italmatch Chemicals IONQUEST MPX-317 showed the best performance in terms of detection limits and separation of interferences. Using optimized procedures, the concentrations of Pt, Pd and Rh can be quantified at pg L levels in natural waters for a 14 day deployment time.

DOI 10.1016/j.talanta.2019.05.038
ISSN 1873-3573
Citation Abdulbur-Alfakhoury E, Van Zutphen S, Leermakers M. Development of the diffusive gradients in thin films technique (DGT) for platinum (Pt), palladium (Pd), and rhodium (Rh) in natural waters. Talanta. 2019;203:34-48.