Different adsorption behaviors and mechanisms of a novel amino-functionalized hydrothermal biochar for hexavalent chromium and pentavalent antimony.

Author(s) Deng, J.; Li, X.; Wei, X.; Liu, Y.; Liang, J.; Shao, Y.; Huang, W.; Cheng, X.
Journal Bioresour Technol
Date Published 2020 Aug

A novel amino-functionalized hydrothermal biochar modified with nitric acid and nicotinamide (NMSH) was prepared and applied to remove heavy metal in different systems. The study of batch adsorption found that NMSH had different adsorption behaviors for Cr(VI) and Sb(V), and different concentrations of heavy metal ions exhibited different coadsorption behaviors in mixed system. NMSH had great anti-interference ability to coexisting inorganic ion and humic substance. The maximum adsorption capacity of NMSH was 132.74 mg/g for Cr(VI), and 241.92 mg/g for Sb(V). Moreover, different interfering ions and matter had different effects on adsorption. The mechanism study found that the adsorption mechanism of NMSH involved multiple interactions, and the mechanisms were different. Some O-containing functional groups of NMSH could reduce Cr(VI) to Cr(III), but not Sb(V). NMSH had great removal efficiency and reusability performance, which suggested that NMSH had prospects for practical wastewater treatment.

DOI 10.1016/j.biortech.2020.123438
Keywords Adsorption; Antimony; Charcoal; Chromium; Water Pollutants, Chemical
ISSN 1873-2976
Citation Bioresour Technol. 2020;310:123438.