(Diphenylphosphino)alkylaldehyde affords hydride- or alkyl-[(diphenylphosphino)alkylacyl]rhodium(iii) or (diphenylphosphino)alkylester complexes: theoretical and experimental diastereoselectivity.

Author(s) Azpeitia, S.; Barquín, M.; Mendicute-Fierro, C.; Huertos, M.A.; Rodríguez-Diéguez, A.; Seco, J.M.; San Sebastian, E.; Ibarlucea, L.; Garralda, M.A.
Journal Dalton Trans
Date Published 2019 Mar 05

The reaction of [RhCl(COD)]2 (COD = 1,5-cyclooctadiene) with racemic PPh2(CH(Ph)CH2CHO) and pyridine (py) led to the oxidative addition of the aldehyde, and a single geometric isomer of [RhHCl(PPh2(CH(Ph)CH2CO))(py)2] (1), with hydride trans to chloride, was obtained as a mixture of two diastereomers in a 95 : 5 ratio; this was in agreement with density functional theory (DFT) calculations. In a chloroform solution, the exchange of hydride by chloride yielded [RhCl2(PPh2(CH(Ph)CH2CO))(py)2] (2) as a mixture of a kinetically preferred species, trans-py-2a, and two diastereomers, cis-Cl-2b' and cis-Cl-2b, with cis pyridines and a chloride trans to acyl; as predicted by the DFT calculations, the latter was the major species. Complex 1 reacted with racemic PPh2(CH(Ph)CH2CHO) or PPh2(o-C6H4CHO) to afford [RhHCl(PPh2(CH(Ph)CH2CO))(κ1-PPh2(CH(Ph)CH2CHO))(py)] (3) or [RhHCl(PPh2(o-C6H4CO))(κ1-PPh2(CH(Ph)CH2CHO))(py)] (4), respectively, both with a dangling alkylaldehyde. Diastereomeric mixtures with the ratios 3a/3a' = 80 : 20 and 4a/4a' = 50 : 50 were obtained. Complex 4 reacted with N-donors to afford cationic [RhH(NN)(PPh2(o-C6H4CO))(κ1-PPh2(CH(Ph)CH2CHO))]BPh4 (NN = 1,10-phenanthroline, 5; 2,2'-bipyridine, 6) or with 8-aminoquinoline (aqui) or 2-(aminomethyl)pyridine to yield imination products with terdentate ligands: [RhH(PPh2(o-C6H4CO))(κ3-PNN)]BF4 (PNN = PPh2(CH(Ph)CH2CNC9H6N), 7 and PPh2(CH(Ph)CH2CNCH2C5H4N), 8, respectively. Compounds 5-8 were obtained as equimolar a/a' mixtures of diastereomers. Moreover, 5a and 5a' could be separated. [RhCl(NBD)]2 reacted with racemic PPh2(CH(Ph)CH2CHO) and N-donors to provide nortricyclyl (Ntyl) derivatives [RhCl(NN)(Ntyl)(PPh2CH(Ph)CH2CO)] (NN = phen, 9 and bipy, 10) as an a/a' = 75 : 25 mixture of diastereomers. By reacting [RhCl(NBD)]2 with PPh2(CH(Ph)CH2CHO) and quinoline-8-carbaldehyde in methanol, the phosphino-ester complex [RhCl(Ntyl)(C9H6NCO)(κ2-PPh2CH(Ph)CH2CO(OCH3)] 11 was obtained. The initial equimolar mixture of two diastereomers readily transformed into a single diastereomer, which was found to be thermodynamically most stable by the DFT calculations. Furthermore, single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis of cis-Cl-2b, 5a, 7a, 10a and 11 is reported.

DOI 10.1039/c8dt04929g
ISSN 1477-9234
Citation Dalton Trans. 2019;48(10):33003313.

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