Do the pristine physico-chemical properties of silver and gold nanoparticles influence uptake and molecular effects on Gammarus fossarum (Crustacea Amphipoda)?

Author(s) Mehennaoui, K.; Cambier, S.; Serchi, T.; Ziebel, J.; Lentzen, E.; Valle, N.; Guérold, F.; Thomann, J.S.; Giamberini, L.; Gutleb, A.C.
Journal Sci Total Environ
Date Published 2018 Dec 01
Abstract

The specific and unique properties of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), make them of high interest for different scientific and industrial applications. Their increasing use will inevitably lead to their release in the environment and aquatic ecosystems where they may represent a threat to aquatic organisms. Being a widespread and important component of the aquatic macroinvertebrate assemblage, amphipods and more specifically Gammarus fossarum will certainly be exposed to AgNPs and AuNPs. For these reasons, G. fossarum was selected as model organism for this study. The aim of the present work was the evaluation of the influence of both size (20, 40 and 80 nm) and surface coating (citrate CIT, polyethylene glycol PEG) on the acute toxicity of AgNPs and AuNPs on G. fossarum. We investigated the effects of AgNPs and AuNPs on the uptake by G. fossarum, NP tissue distribution and the expression of stress related genes by the use of ICP-MS, NanoSIMS50, Cytoviva®, and Rt-qPCR, respectively. Ag and Au bioaccumulation revealed a significant surface-coating dependence, with CIT-AgNPs and CIT-AuNPs showing the higher bio-accumulation potential in G. fossarum as compared to PEG-NPs. Opposite to that, no size-dependent effects on the bioaccumulation potential was observed. SIMS imaging and CytoViva® revealed an influence of the type of metal on the tissue distribution after uptake, with AgNPs detected in the cuticle and the gills of G. fossarum, while AuNPs were detected in the gut area. Furthermore, AgNPs were found to up-regulate CuZnSOD gene expression while AuNPs led to its down-regulation. Modulation of SOD may indicate generation of reactive species of oxygen and a possible activation of antioxidant defence in order to prevent and defend the organism from oxidative stress. However, further investigations are still needed to better define the mechanisms underlying the observed AgNPs and AuNPs effects.

DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.06.208
ISSN 1879-1026
Citation Mehennaoui K, Cambier S, Serchi T, Ziebel J, Lentzen E, Valle N, et al. Do the pristine physico-chemical properties of silver and gold nanoparticles influence uptake and molecular effects on Gammarus fossarum (Crustacea Amphipoda)? Sci Total Environ. 2018;643:1200-1215.

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