Dried powder of corn stalk as a potential biosorbent for the removal of iodate from aqueous solution.

Author(s) Zhang, K.; Chen, T.
Journal J Environ Radioact
Date Published 2018 Oct
Abstract

Removal of IO from environmental samples with low-cost methods and materials is very useful approach for especially large-scale applications. Corn stalk is highly abundant agriculture residual, which is employed as useful biosorbent in many studies. In the present work, dried powder of corn stalk is applied for the removal of IO under various conditions. The results indicate that the K is 49.73 ml g under general conditions (m/V = 8 g L, t = 5 day, equilibrium pH = 7 ± 0.3, T = 298 K and C = 15 mg L). The sorption kinetics follows the pseudo-second-order equation, and the isotherm is well described by the Langmuir model. The sorption reaction was non-spontaneous and endothermic. Hydroxyl and carbonyl groups of the corn stalk contribute to IO sorption by ion-exchange, electrostatic attraction and redox reactions. Spectroscopic analyses and the effect of equilibrium pH prove that corn stalk was not only removed IO from aqueous solution but also reduced IO into I and I. These results demonstrate that corn stalk is a promising biosorbent for the environmental remediation of radioactive iodine pollution.

DOI 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2018.05.008
Keywords Adsorption; Agriculture; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Iodates; Ion Exchange; Kinetics; Models, Chemical; Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared; Thermodynamics; Water Pollutants, Chemical; Water Purification; Zea mays
ISSN 1879-1700
Citation Zhang K, Chen T. Dried powder of corn stalk as a potential biosorbent for the removal of iodate from aqueous solution. J Environ Radioact. 2018;190-191:73-80.

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