Author(s) Chen, Y.; Song, G.; Dong, Z.; Yi, X.; Chao, Y.; Liang, C.; Yang, K.; Cheng, L.; Liu, Z.
Journal Small
Date Published 2016 Dec 13

Combining chemotherapy and radiotherapy (chemoradiotherapy) has been widely applied in many clinical practices, showing promises in enhancing therapeutic outcomes. Nontoxic nanocarriers that not only are able to deliver chemotherapeutics into tumors, but could also act as radiosensitizers to enhance radiotherapy would thus be of great interest in the development of chemoradiotherapies. To achieve this aim, herein mesoporous tantalum oxide (mTa2 O5 ) nanoparticles with polyethylene glycol (PEG) modification are fabricated. Those mTa2 O5 -PEG nanoparticles could serve as a drug delivery vehicle to allow efficient loading of chemotherapeutics such as doxorubicin (DOX), whose release appears to be pH responsive. Meanwhile, owing to the interaction of Ta with X-ray, mTa2 O5 -PEG nanoparticles could offer an intrinsic radiosensitization effect to increase X-ray-induced DNA damages during radiotherapy. As a result, DOX-loaded mTa2 O5 -PEG (mTa2 O5 -PEG/DOX) nanoparticles can offer a strong synergistic therapeutic effect during the combined chemoradiotherapy. Furthermore, in chemoradiotherapy, such mTa2 O5 -PEG/DOX shows remarkably reduced side effects compared to free DOX, which at the same dose appears to be lethal to animals. This work thus presents a new type of mesoporous nanocarrier particularly useful for the delivery of safe and effective chemoradiotherapy.

DOI 10.1002/smll.201602869
ISSN 1613-6829
Citation Small. 2016.

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