Dual functional rhodium oxide nanocorals enabled sensor for both non-enzymatic glucose and solid-state pH sensing.

Author(s) Dong, Q.; Huang, Y.; Song, D.; Wu, H.; Cao, F.; Lei, Y.
Journal Biosens Bioelectron
Date Published 2018 Jul 30
Abstract

Both pH-sensitive and glucose-responsive rhodium oxide nanocorals (RhO NCs) were synthesized through electrospinning followed by high-temperature calcination. The as-prepared RhO NCs were systematically characterized using various advanced techniques including scanning electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction and Raman spectroscopy, and then employed as a dual functional nanomaterial to fabricate a dual sensor for both non-enzymatic glucose sensing and solid-state pH monitoring. The sensing performance of the RhO NCs based dual sensor toward pH and glucose was evaluated using open circuit potential, cyclic voltammetry and amperometric techniques, respectively. The results show that the as-prepared RhO NCs not only maintain accurate and reversible pH sensitivity of RhO, but also demonstrate a good electrocatalytic activity toward glucose oxidation in alkaline medium with a sensitivity of 11.46 μA mM cm, a limit of detection of 3.1 μM (S/N = 3), and a reasonable selectivity against various interferents in non-enzymatic glucose detection. Its accuracy in determining glucose in human serum samples was further demonstrated. These features indicate that the as-prepared RhO NCs hold great promise as a dual-functional sensing material in the development of a high-performance sensor forManjakkal both solid-state pH and non-enzymatic glucose sensing.

DOI 10.1016/j.bios.2018.04.021
ISSN 1873-4235
Citation Dong Q, Huang Y, Song D, Wu H, Cao F, Lei Y. Dual functional rhodium oxide nanocorals enabled sensor for both non-enzymatic glucose and solid-state pH sensing. Biosens Bioelectron. 2018;112:136-142.

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