Dynamics of Selenium uptake, speciation, and antioxidant response in rice at different panicle initiation stages.

Author(s) Dai, Z.; Imtiaz, M.; Rizwan, M.; Yuan, Y.; Huang, H.; Tu, S.
Journal Sci Total Environ
Date Published 2019 Nov 15
Abstract

Selenium (Se) is an essential element in animals and humans, and its deficiency may cause conditions such as cardiac disease. The production of Se-enriched rice is one of the most important ways to supply Se in the human body, and thus, understanding of the mechanisms of Se-enriched rice is of great significance. A pot experiment was conducted to study the effects of Se addition on the growth, antioxidation, Se uptake and distribution, and Se speciation in three different stages of panicle initiation stage (i.e., pistil and stamen formation stage, pollen mother cell formation stage, pollen mother cell meiosis stage) and the maturity stage. The results showed that soil Se application significantly increased Se uptake in rice. Low rates of Se (<5 mg kg) application enhanced the plant growth and rice yield. Se speciation assays showed that SeCys and SeMet were the two main forms found in rice, of which SeMet accounted for 65.5%-100% in the ears and leaves, while SeCys accounted for 61.4%-75.6% in brown rice. SeMet was also the main Se-species found in different subcellular parts at the panicle initiation stage. However, inorganic Se was present in brown rice, mainly as Se(VI), when the soil Se addition exceeded 5 mg kg. Lower rates of Se (<5 mg kg) promoted the antioxidant capacity, while high levels of Se (≥5 mg kg) reduced the antioxidant capacity of rice. The results indicate that Se effects are dose dependent, and the suitable amount of soil Se application for Se-enriched rice production would be <5 mg kg.

DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.07.186
Keywords Antioxidants; Oryza; Selenium; Soil Pollutants
ISSN 1879-1026
Citation Dai Z, Imtiaz M, Rizwan M, Yuan Y, Huang H, Tu S. Dynamics of Selenium uptake, speciation, and antioxidant response in rice at different panicle initiation stages. Sci Total Environ. 2019;691:827-834.