Author(s) Zhao, X.; Sun, W.; Geng, D.; Fu, W.; Dan, J.; Xie, Y.; Kent, P.R.C.; Zhou, W.; Pennycook, S.J.; Loh, K.Ping
Journal Adv Mater
Date Published 2019 Feb 20

Molybdenum carbide (Mo C), a class of unterminated MXene, is endowed with rich polymorph chemistry, but the growth conditions of the various polymorphs are not understood. Other than the most commonly observed T-phase Mo C, little is known about other phases. Here, Mo C crystals are successfully grown consisting of mixed polymorphs and polytypes via a diffusion-mediated mechanism, using liquid copper as the diffusion barrier between the elemental precursors of Mo and C. By controlling the thickness of the copper diffusion barrier layer, the crystal growth can be controlled between a highly uniform AA-stacked T-phase Mo C and a "wedding cake" like Mo C crystal with spatially delineated zone in which the Bernal-stacked Mo C predominate. The atomic structures, as well as the transformations between distinct stackings, are simulated and analyzed using density functional theory (DFT)-based calculations. Bernal-stacked Mo C has a d band closer to the Fermi energy, leading to a promising performance in catalysis as verified in hydrogen evolution reaction (HER).

DOI 10.1002/adma.201808343
ISSN 1521-4095
Citation Zhao X, Sun W, Geng D, Fu W, Dan J, Xie Y, et al. Edge Segregated Polymorphism in 2D Molybdenum Carbide. Adv Mater Weinheim. 2019:e1808343.

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